A turbocharger is an engine element that was created as a result of many years of work on finding a compromise between increasing engine power and reducing its weight and reducing fuel consumption. Its design allows the pressure of the air flowing into the engine to be increased by using the energy of the exhaust gases.
This mechanism consists of two key parts - a turbine and a compressor mounted on one axis. The exhaust gases directed at the turbine simultaneously drive the compressor rotor, which forces more air into the cylinder. As a result, each cylinder receives more oxygen, enabling the combustion of much more fuel in the same volume of the chamber, which in turn translates into an increase in engine power.